Monthly Archives: May 2015

Some Friday Cheer

Fred Reed, insightful and pithy as always:

It is easy to parody these twits–I choose my vowel carefullly–but they represent a class whose rule does not bode well for the country–helpless, self-absorbed, sheltered–aye, there’s the worst of it–and desirous of forcing thier values on everyone else. Arrayed against them is the Center, increasingly very angry but not organized and not sure what to do. The only solution I can imagine is for the Center to call the Seaboard’s bluff and set their own standards locally, the Seaboard be damned. We could call it “freedom.” Will this happen? I hope.

So do I.  But I’d bet against it.

People always focus on the second word in “National Socialism” (the Right forever reminding the Left that yes, the Nazis were socialists; the Left forever reminding the Right to shut up).  It’s the “national” part that’s important, though, because that’s how it starts.

For many ordinary folks in Weimar, the one thing you weren’t allowed to be was German.  The Kaiser, the Imperial War Flag, Die Wacht am Rhein… for a nation that really only became a nation in the 1870s, i.e. in the crucible of war and empire, those things were Germany.  And those things were banned.  You could be a communist, sure, or some flavor of “social democrat,” or an artist, or a cabaret singer, or a morphine addict, or a homosexual, or a wage slave to foreign banks…. but a German?  Verboten!

And thus the farce of Weimar politics, where outright revolutionary Communists and revanchist monarchists battled it out in the Reichstag as the supposed “representatives” of a “democracy” they openly loathed, and promised to end at the first opportunity.

To many ordinary white people in the latitudes between Mexico and Canada — I’d venture to guess, to the vast majority of ordinary white people — the one thing you’re not allowed to be is American.  Not in any form anybody would recognize.  Why on earth do you think mawkish-yet-chest-thumping country music, a.k.a. the protest anthem of the gelded beta male, is the most popular radio format in flyover country?


vJL5ldis the default message coming from the entire educational establishment, K-thru-PhD.  It’s the standard stump speech of every politician of both parties.  It’s primetime programming on every single network.  Whatever you’re doing is wrong, Pale Penis People, and will remain so no matter what you do.  So sit down and let us abolish you.  Leave your wallet.

At some point, somebody is going to say those nine magic words: If I’m gonna be accused, I wanna be guilty.

And then things get really interesting.

Freedom?  Maybe.  My money’s on the Sturmabteilung.  I really hope I’m wrong.

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Bunnies Eating Their Own

First they came for Vox Day, and I said nothing, because I wasn’t Native American.

Then they came for George R.R. Martin

This is classic, just classic.  Couldn’t happen to a more deserving guy.  And, really, that’s the best part of this whole Hugo dust-up — since so very few people care about science fiction, it’s all Pink-on-Pink fire.  A writer in just about any other field could duck this kind of thing by pointing out that some big name conservative hates him, too (when at last the Warren turns on J.K. Rowling for causing some imaginary badfeel, all she has to do is imply that her critics are on the same side as all those fundies who think Harry Potter promotes witchcraft).  But S/F has been a pink ghetto for so long that no conservative voice has the foggiest idea what’s going on over there.

If you want an idea of the SJWs’ ideal science fiction story, look no further than The Book of the New Sun, from which I take my silly nom de blog.  “Loyal to the Group of Seventeen’s Tale”  is even better than “If You Were a Dinosaur, My Love.”

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Nail. Head. BAM! Flush to the board

Just thought this needed bookmarking (via Chicks on the Right)….

Sen. Tom Cotton of Arkansas (who is an Iraq War veteran) had this to say in response to those questions and it is the best response I’ve heard from anyone about this –

“Knowing what we know now, I absolutely would have sent the Pacific Fleet out of Pearl Harbor on Dec. 4 to intercept the Japanese Fleet,” Cotton told the Washington Examiner during an interview in his Capitol Hill office. “I say that to highlight how foolish the question is. You don’t get to live life in reverse. What a leader has to do is make a decision, at the moment of decision, based on the best information he has. George Bush did that in 2002 and 2003 and he was supported by Hillary Clinton and Joe Biden and John Kerry and every western country’s intelligence agency.”
“There are lessons we can learn from the early days of the Iraq war. One is that we clearly should be more critically analytical about our approach to intelligence assessments,” Cotton added.


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How I’d Fix It

I have a simple solution for most of America’s problems.  It’s too late for us, so I leave it as a public service for whomever manages to climb out of the rubble After the Collapse.

1) Voluntarily surrendering the franchise is the price of public assistance.  Anyone who gives up public assistance can have their vote back one (1) calendar year after leaving the welfare rolls.

2) Voluntarily surrendering the franchise is the price of a government job.  Anyone who takes a job with any government, at any level, shall be unable to vote for the duration of one (1) full term of office.

3) Military service shall confer full citizenship after the term of service is complete.  Soldiers shall not have the franchise during their time of service (see provisions 1 and 2).

4) Ironclad term limits for all offices, irrespective of residency.  It’s one and one — you may stand for reelection once.  If you lose, you’re barred from running for office ever again.

That’d just about do ‘er, I think.

There’s lots of precedent for (1).  It was a provision of Great Britain’s Poor Law of 1834, for instance.  Citizens should not be able to vote themselves largesse out of the public treasury.

(2) follows from (1), as does (3).  No other worker in the world can vote to force his employer to pay him more.  If you want to get paid more in the real world, you have to level up, or vote with your feet.  (4) is just common sense.

In just 4 strokes, you’ve put the management of government into the hands of only those who have skin in the game.  And there’s no permanent immunity for politicians — they’ll have to live with the results of their shortsighted decisions sooner than later.

And the proles are happy.  The government bureaucracy runs as efficiently (I know, I know) as it ever did, since most government employees would happily surrender their vote for a lifetime sinecure (which is what most government work is).  The ghettopotami still get their gimmedats.

This plan, which probably doesn’t even require a constitutional amendment (we deprive felons of their vote all the time), could restore political and fiscal sanity within a generation.  Or keep it, once the Collapse is complete.

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Rock Bottom?

Full disclosure:  I’ve never heard “Sally” used as a diminutive for “Sarah,” either.  But I’m pretty sure I could figure it out in context.

Which makes me ever so much smarter than those towering intellects, the Social Justice Warriors.

Be sure to check the comments for some bonus hilarity:

That dude on the original Star Trek was called “Bones” and “McCoy” seemingly at random. I could never understand that. And me am smart person.

I mean, it would be like calling someone “Ned” half the time when his name is “Eddard.” How could you ever take a book that did something like that seriously? His name is Eddard, not Neddard.

No one ever refer to a Margaret as “Peggy” around them. The resulting head explosion could level several city blocks.

Out of curiosity… what did they think Sally was short for? Sallyfooth, she be LaTrina’s sister.

That last one be just plain wrong, yo.

The bright spot in all of this: We may be hitting the bottom of the barrel re: DISQUALIFY.  If pretending to be confused by a nickname is sufficient to scupper a sci-fi story….

[PS y’all know my name isn’t really “Severian,” right?  Just so we’re all clear on that.  Oh, and feel free to randomly refer to me as “Crash”… you know, just on the off chance it’ll cause  a social justice rabbit’s furry little dome to explode].

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A Reply to John C. Wright

At the risk of this becoming nothing but the Fascism-and-Historical-Jesus Blog (Morgan, Philmon, Texan99… y’all want to weigh in here?), I found this question at John C. Wright’s Journal pretty interesting, but I can’t seem to log in to post a reply (perhaps the hacker issues are ongoing).

The question is:

I would like someone to volunteer to show me, in simple steps, how to get from statement (a) there is nothing of eternal meaning to statement (c) there is nothing of meaning. What is the missing statement (b) that links the two sentences?

My stab at an answer is:

Statement a) begs the question.

Wright writes:

Again, if the universe is merely natural, then the laws of nature, the laws of logic, and other properties that are not material doe not arise from the matter of the universe, but are part of the form of the universe.

I agree, and that’s why I think statement a) — “there is nothing of eternal meaning” — is question-begging.  If the universe is only this — quarks and atoms, gravity and van der Waal’s force — then “meanings” must be provisional, and therefore temporal.

In effect, it’s my answer to the problem of theodicy.  Why do bad things happen to good people?  Because humans ascribe temporary meaning to their temporary situations.  If there’s no Good — because there’s no God — then there’s no Evil, either.  Whatever “bad” happens to you is nothing more than a confluence of circumstances, filtered through your conscious, voluntary perception.

[The Stoics would call this something like an “un-preferred indifferent.”  Stoicism holds the only Virtue is Good; all other things are indifferent.  But since Stoics have to live in the world like the rest of us, they have a pretty good yardstick for situational ethics — “preference.”  Though food is itself indifferent — it is not in itself Virtuous — it’s better to be well fed than hungry, so, all things being equal, a Stoic will eat when he’s hungry if there’s food available.  But if all things are not equal — say, he can’t eat without stealing food — he will “select” or “prefer” hunger, or “de-select” or “un-prefer” food].

Now, I’m pretty sure there’s something wrong with this argument — it’s not called The Problem of Theodicy for nothing, and I can hardly expect to have out-thought all the people who have meditated on it lo these past 5,000 years.  But I can’t see where I went wrong.  Any thoughts?

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The Rectification of Names IV

To (hopefully) make it crystal clear what I’m talking about when I talk about contemporary Fascism, let me make the case for Fascism as briefly as I can.  Like George Orwell’s chapter against socialism in The Road to Wigan Pier, I’m playing devil’s advocate here.  I’m playacting the role of a member of the “Dark Enlightenment,” as I believe a significant fraction call themselves.  This is not my manifesto; these are not my personal views.

untitledYou, the American middle class, are getting fucked, and, like Jenna Jameson’s finest work, you’re getting it from two ends simultaneously.  Take illegal immigration.  The Left loves illegal immigrants because they hate you (the Left hates you, I mean, but the illegals do too.  That’s a bonus).  This also gives the Left increased electoral power in the short term, and that’s a bonus, too, but mostly they want to see their dear Uncle Karl’s crackpot theories work — and for that, they need to import a new proletariat.

BUT: The so-called Right also loves illegal immigration.  Do you think the daily truckloads of Mexicans coming over the border are all finding work as housekeepers in faculty ghettoes?  To get an American citizen to pick fruit and pack meat, agribusinesses would need to pay more than 50 cents per hour, and alas, you can’t offshore cornfields.

And this is true all the way down the line.  Pick any Social Justice nonsense — the Left is pushing it because they hate you, but the Right is pushing it, too.  You’ll notice, for instance, that National Review is forever on its fainting couch about this stuff, but the politicians they pimp as our saviors always somehow, someway, manage to cave in to the Left across the board.  This is because National Review, like the rest of the establishment Right, thinks you’re stupid, and won’t notice this stuff.  Given how you keep returning these clowns to Washington, they’re correct (in case you hadn’t figured out what the GOP gets out of the deal).

Politics as usual won’t fix it.

So what’s to be done?  Shoot every egghead in the faculty lounge?  That’d be a start, and it’d earn you a beej from any one of the three chicks who read Free Republic, but some fucking Aztec will still have your job tomorrow.  Shoot up a shareholder’s meeting?  Ditto, and ditto from one of the nation’s three heterosexual Wymyn’s Studies major, but ditto.

It’s simple, really: Hit ’em where they live.  Close the borders, get serious about what can be expected from a -1SD IQ, and eliminate imports. Neither bankster nor bolshevik can live long with their oxygen cut off.  How?  Three words: William fuckin’ McKinley.  The Dingley Tariff was the highest protectionist tax ever passed, and the American worker has never had it better.  Throw in the National Origins Quota Act, and any US citizen with a pulse can name his price on the production line.

And say goodbye to racism while you’re at it.  Turns out even -2SD IQs can turn screwdrivers, and since there’s no such thing as an import car anymore, Government Motors is paying $100 an hour.  And since anyone with at least one hand is now employed, we can scrap the giant welfare apparatus; since nobody needs a college degree to “prove” he’s a “qualified” screwdriver-turner, we can trash Affirmative Action, too, and the giant student loan scam. College can go back to being a four-year daycare for rich kids in Greek letter sweaters, and professors can finally meet their beloved Working Class up close and personal out there on the shop floor.

Kumbayah, bitches.  Oh, and since we’re no longer invading people to protect Exxon’s profits, we can bring the army home, too.  Sucks to be Israel, I guess, but there you have it.  Meanwhile, no lefties have to fret about all the freedom and democracy our troops are spreading to distant brown people, and no righties have to fret about their kids coming home in body bags from same.

It won’t be painless, I’ll admit.  Since we’re paying auto workers $100 an hour now, most of the cars they build will be unaffordable for a while.  But hey, that’s what price controls are for!  And let’s not forget that it’s high time this country got serious about its public transportation infrastructure.  That’s a whole bunch more jobs for the low-IQ types, it’s eco-friendly, and a big reduction in personal mobility is a small price to pay for those huge society-wide benefits.

And it’s true that the adjustment period will be a bit rough.  We’re awfully dependent on our cheap Chinese crap.  But remember, the army’s home now, and if it’s one thing those guys are good at, it’s urban area denial.  And, of course, lots of labor will go underground, but again: army.  And those drones will work just as good if the National Labor Relations Board is flying them.  And if we really seal those borders, the DEA will have a lot of highly experienced undercover guys with nothing to do.  I’m seeing a lot of synergy potential here; the NLRB is gonna be huge.

Now, some might object that this’ll never work, because we have a two-party system.  Do we really, though?  I thought the perennial complaint on political blogs both left and right is that there’s really only one party.  And don’t the low-info voters always swear there’s not a dime’s worth of difference between ’em?  Let’s go with that, y’all.  A single Party is the best of both worlds — you get the top-down business efficiency of the Right with the snooping, moralizing busybodying of the Left.  They’ll keep each other in check within the Party.  And since all this is going to require a lot of planning and oversight, it’ll be strictly meritocratic — the best and the brightest will naturally rise to the top.  And best of all, this will reduce competition and class antagonism — no more political candidates sniping at each other, and no more status-striving entrepreneurs outdoing themselves with decadent excess, inflaming the passions of the lower classes.

Why on Earth aren’t we doing this?

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The Rectification of Names, III

untitledThis started as a response to Nate Winchester, here, but I think it’s important enough to merit a separate post.

Nate asks:

Is that what you’re saying here? That left/right is now all about borders? Nation vs world?

Sort of, but not really.  Left/right is collectivism/individualism.

The tl;dr of this whole piece is: Many folks in modern America who call themselves of the right are embracing one of the classic tropes of the Fascist left.  If the left gets its way, as we know, we’re all just part of the beautiful rainbow of diversity — we all have different skin colors and sexual orientations, but think exactly the same thoughts.

BUT, this thinking goes, the same thing happens if the “banksters” win — they do what they want, up to and including starting wars with Russia and the Middle East, while we pay for their decadence.
In other words, we’re all part of the global proletariat either way.  The only difference is, do you want to scrub Hillary Clinton’s toilet, or James P. Gorman‘s?  Whether we’re all whistling the Internationale as we march off for a shift in People’s Heavy Tractor Manufactory #202, or bopping along with Taylor Swift at our McJobs, our entire culture is being imposed upon us from the top.

These folks have concluded that the only way to fight collectivism is with collectivism.  We have to band together against them, or we’re proletarianized.

That’s what Fascism does.  Fascists accept Marx’s fundamental dictum that money knows no borders — oligarchs will collude.  They also accept Marx’s dictum that the working classes will eventually band together to resist this state of affairs.  But they view the resulting Marxist utopia with horror — even if it worked exactly the way Marx said it would, we’d all be faceless cogs, the same as we would if the capitalists won.  We’d be better fed, but there’d be no difference at all between a German, an American, a Nigerian, a Japanese, or a Mexican.

At its most basic, Fascists want to give their national proletariat all the benefits of socialism, while maintaining their sense of themselves as Germans (Americans, Nigerians, Japanese, whatever).

[Remember, we’re stipulating that socialism works for this discussion].

Section break!

Section break!

Nate writes:

So I would humbly ask if you could provide us with your standards of measurement here? (and the previous post) By my measurements, this isn’t a sign that fascism is right-wing as much as it is that the traditionally right-leaning are being pulled left by the political center of gravity. It’s rather like… if you try and sell individualism to the voters, and they vote for collectivism – and then do it repeatedly for years on end – it’s not hard to see that some political philosophies will throw up their hands and say, “You want collectivism? Fine, here’s our edition of it!”

Exactly.  I’m not saying that Fascism is of the right.  It’s clearly of the left, by any relevant metric.  It’s culturally collectivist and economically socialist.  In fact, if you want a pretty good description of the autarky to which Fascism aspires, you can’t do much better than Stalin‘s:  “Socialism in one country.”

The problem is that the the old-school, individual-rights, free-market Right — the Lockean Right, for convenience — is just about as dead as disco.  For a government to remain on the Lockean Right, it needs a bare-minimum number of elites — somewhere north of 50%, I imagine — to also be on the Lockean Right.  I don’t see that in America anymore, and a lot of the people I’m describing as Fascist-for-all-intents-and-purposes don’t, either.

That’s what Roissy is getting at, here:

I don’t want to live in a surveillance state; I want to live in a cohesive society with high trust levels that obviates the need for mass surveillance…Press the point that individual rights will wilt without societal norms to scaffold them.

In a word, he’s talking about asabiya, a people’s capacity for collective action.*  When sufficient numbers of the elite, and the people at large, embrace Lockean individualism, we’ll have free government.  We won’t need mass surveillance, because we’ll voluntarily conform to pro-social norms.  We won’t need endless wrangling over the emanations and penumbras of the Bill of Rights, because we won’t face constant attempts to transform 10 simple checks on government power into elaborate statements of positive rights.  Indeed, the Constitution is the best short description of what a high-asabiya society looks like — we can tolerate all kinds of lunacy at the fringes in the name of the First Amendment, because we know those people are, in fact, lunatics; our self-confidence is unshakeable.

Is that kind of society possible now?  Can our asabiya, so successfully degraded by 100+ years of concerted “progressive” effort, be restored?

I hope so.  But the Roissy types say no.  Hence, Fascism.  Those societies have high asabiya, all right.  The easiest way to develop asabiya (maybe the only way; see Turchin) is by having a powerful cultural enemy, a highly organized, effective, and malicious Other on the borders — or within the borders.  The Fascists-in-all-but-name are just saying what we’ve all seen: The internationalist, collectivist Left hates us.  See Sad Puppies, GamerGate, gay marriage, illegal immigration, and all the rest.  Why not tell it like it is?  Do you want your kids to grow up to be this guy?

B-uDP6fWkAE9mr8No?  Then what are you going to do about it?  The Lockean Right has failed, say the FIABN (Fascists-in-all-but-name; really need a better term for this).  Nobody really believes in individual rights anymore, let alone individual responsibilities (don’t believe me?  Propose eliminating Medicare at a Tea Party rally and watch what happens).  If we’re all collectivists now, say the FIABN — and we clearly are — then let’s at least be an American collective.  Better a benign police state that turns out wannabe John Waynes than a malignant one that turns out that…thing….in the picture.

Make sense?  I want to add, for the record — as if it really matters — that I’m not cheerleading for a benign police state.  I find the whole prospect terrifying.  But the idea has a lot of appeal for a lot of people, and we need to understand it.  But first we need to SEE it, and that’s what I’m trying to do here.


*A great explanation of this stuff and its role in the state is Peter Turchin’s fast, wonderfully readable War & Peace & War: The Rise and Fall of Empires.  I use this spelling because that’s how Turchin spells it; Wiki, of course, has tried to transliterate the Arabic.


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Spergs and History

Further to this post.  Honestly, I’d never given much thought to “the historicity of Jesus” before.  Even when I was an atheist, the existence of an actual person called Jesus of Nazareth, who — though his words and deeds were heavily mythologized — made more or less recognizable versions of the claims the Bible said he did, seemed logical.  Though I only read his book after my conversion, I thought about the historical Jesus more or less like Reza Aslan does — one of many wandering prophets who mistakenly thought himself the Biblical Messiah, and convinced a group of zealots to rebel against Rome because of it.

I never realized that there are lots and lots of folks out there who claim Jesus didn’t exist at all.  Now, I’m not going to do a fisk on that whole article.  There are literally two thousand years’ worth of apologetics to draw on, and I’m sure C.S. Lewis, to say nothing of a thousand lesser lights, can knock out a Professor of Religious Studies (!!) who claims God doesn’t exist in about five pages.  But I do want to explore the “question” of the historicity of Jesus a little bit, as I think it sheds some light on sperg psychology (and thus might be of some use in understanding Our Betters, the liberals).

Here’s an example of the kind of thing I mean:

These early sources [the Gospels], compiled decades after the alleged events, all stem from Christian authors eager to promote Christianity – which gives us reason to question them. The authors of the Gospels fail to name themselves, describe their qualifications, or show any criticism with their foundational sources – which they also fail to identify.

Spergs can’t process context, so this sounds convincing to them.  Problem is, this criticism applies to almost every other source in the ancient world.  Not to mention just about every source in the medieval world and the early modern world, all across the globe.  The author of the Gesta Francorum is anonymous and obviously biased in favor of the Crusaders, but we don’t dismiss him out of hand because of it.  The Nihon Shoki is anonymous, biased, and shows no inclination to critique its sources, and ditto.  Indeed, I would challenge anybody, anywhere, to name an ancient source in which

  • the author identifies himself by name,
  • describes his qualifications,
  • critiques his sources, and
  • displays no overt bias.

Hint: It don’t exist, because those are the desiderata of modern history, which dates (at best) to the Renaissance.

Forget methodological context; that demand doesn’t even make sense in historical context.  The apocalyptic Jewish messianism of the 1st century AD, of which Jesus (if he existed) was at minimum a significant part, would soon explode into the first of three enormously destructive rebellions against Roman rule.  Can we really expect an author of a pro-Jesus tract to identify himself under those conditions?

But again, spergs can’t process context, and because of this, they display a very peculiar attitude towards evidence.  We’ve all noted the online Left’s word fetish — they seem to think that the dictionary is the One Ring, and they certainly act as if naming a thing calls it into being (of course the Affordable Care Act makes healthcare affordable; it says so right in the name of the bill!).  They will do this regardless of context, logic, or methodological rigor.  I think we can see the process at work here.  Basically, it amounts to an unnatural fixation on detail (one of the key traits of autism, of course).  Like so:

Let’s say that they’re building a parking lot somewhere in southern Britain, and in the process they’ve unearth a cache of Roman-era artifacts.  Stashed away in one of the pots is an account by an anonymous author that tells the tale of a certain soldier, a centurion by the name of Miles Nonexisticus.  This man, who served with the legion II Adiutrix Pia Fidelis, thought he was the earthly incarnation of the god Jupiter, and he soon attracted a cult following.  The paper, Manuscript A, is carbon-dated to about 80 AD.

Archaeologists and historians would consider this a major find.  It’s unquestionably authentic (that is, dated to c. 80 AD), and that’s rare enough, but we almost never get info like this on folk beliefs.  Now, the pros can’t do a whole lot more with it — it’s only one source, however intriguing — and so it’ll get written up, and field specialists will take note of it, but that’s about all.

But then, a few months later, there’s another document, Manuscript B, unearthed in a different part of Britain.  This one, also anonymous, tells a version of the same tale.  Some of the details are different — it doesn’t name the man, and refers only to “a soldier” of the legion IX Hispana — but the main story is the same.  It’s carbon-dated to about 100 AD.

Again, professional historians would go nuts.  From two independent sources, writing at different times, we have a tale of a Roman legionary who built a cult following around himself as the incarnation of Jupiter.  His rank is different in both versions, he’s only named in one, and the later one has him in a different outfit, but both II Adiutrix and IX Hispana were unquestionably in Britain in that timeframe.  The pros would conclude that, at the very least, there was a story about a crazy cult leader going around Roman Britain in c. 80-100 AD.  That alone would warrant a mention in any discussion of popular religion in the Roman Empire.  We might not have to rewrite the books just yet, but it’s unquestionably important.

Except… spergs wouldn’t see it that way.  Manuscript B clearly contradicts Manuscript A on some crucial points.  B doesn’t even name the guy, and it has him in a whole other unit, which was halfway across the island!  One or the other of them is probably lying.  Far from being proof that one Miles Nonexisticus got himself a cult going sometime around 80 AD, this is just more evidence of the unreliability of all archaeological evidence.

But then there’s a third source, Manuscript C, found during the auction of an old, decrepit peer’s estate.  This one is a register of events in the Roman province.  It’s carbon-dated to around 110, and it mentions in passing that in the author’s youth, he witnessed the provincial legion commander (alas, unnamed) executing one of his junior officers for stirring up some kind of religious mania among the troops.

Professional historians see this as corroboration.  It’s looking increasingly likely that there was a centurion, probably named Miles Nonexisticus, who was in the grip of a religious delusion sometime around 80 AD.  Not spergs, though.  Correlation isn’t causation, after all!!  We simply can’t conclude with any degree of confidence, they think, that these two legionaries are one and the same guy.

A bit later, Manuscript D is discovered.  This one is much later — carbon-dated to around 200 AD — and it tells the complete tale of Miles Nonexisticus, the incarnation of Jupiter, and all his words and deeds.  The author of Manuscript D is anonymous, unfortunately, but he’s clearly convinced that Miles Nonexisticus was Jupiter, and that when the ungodly commander of IX Hispana had him killed, he actually executed Jupiter, and that’s why Britannia is experiencing so many trials and tribulations right now.

At this point, the pros really do have to rewrite the history books.  It’s fairly likely that there really was a soldier called Miles Nonexisticus, possibly a centurion, and almost certainly a member of IX Hispana.  This man thought he was the incarnation of Jupiter, and he caused quite a stir — so much so, that his cult still had at least one proselytizing disciple more than a hundred years later.

But apply the Raphael Lataster / Richard Carrier standard, and what do you get?  Nothing useful, that’s for sure.  None of our sources is named, and none of them is in the least bit critical of their info.  In fact, none of them reveals just how he came by his information, and one guy, the religious fanatic who penned Manuscript D, is clearly trying to gain converts.  Instead of proving that Miles Nonexisticus was a real person, these documents actually show that he wasn’t.  They don’t hardly have any details, and the ones they do list contradict each other.  Isn’t it likelier that the author of Manuscript D is trying to scam the local religious by making up some story about a miracle-working Roman legionary from the remote past?

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